words associated with law and their meanings

The meanings of regulation and law largely overlap; however, regulation implies prescription by authority in order to control an organization or system. A debenture is a document which either creates or acknowledges a debt. Hidden Asset: Something of value that is not declared as an asset in the books of business, mostly for escaping from taxes. Learn more. Decision: An act of deciding a dispute. Bearer: As per the law of negotiable instruments, a bearer is a person who is in actual possession of a negotiable instrument, like a check, bank draft or a promissory note. Wrong: A violation of another’s right or injury caused to the person or property of another. This term can be used in the context of rights or obligations under a contract, over property, person (spouse or children) or voluntary withdrawal from the commission of a crime. Medical Malpractice: A professional negligence on the part of a health care provider by an act or omission, in which he/she deviates from the accepted standards of practice of the medical profession and thereby causes harm, injury or death of a patient is termed as medical malpractice. Treason: Treason refers to betrayal, treachery or breach of allegiance against the head of a state (the government or the monarch). Nuisance violates the right of another person to use and enjoy his/her property and may lead to a lawsuit for damages or injunction. Or one could hold that word-meanings are primary in this way. degree instead of the former. Negligence: The failure to exercise reasonable care to avoid causing harm to another person or other’s property is called negligence. Point of Law: a question regarding a law or legal issue as opposed to a question regarding the facts involved in a legal proceeding; a term often used in determining whether an appeal can be taken of a decision. Or sometimes, it is used to give a comprehensive description that includes what is obvious, what is uncertain and what is in the ordinary sense impossible. It is different from kidnapping, which is done by force or threat only. One of the most serious crimes, murder can be defined as the intentional and unlawful killing of one person by another, without any legal justification or provocation. Such documents are prepared by lawyers who represent the disputing parties, and are submitted to the court. Scienter: A Latin term which means, ‘guilty knowledge’. Halliday Order: A special court order which is specially designed for reasons of privilege, privacy, confidentiality or the potential personal embarrassment of the party, wherein the plaintiff first obtains the records sought by the defendants to determine what in his or her view is private and confidential, and what is relevant, before the documents reach the defendants. As per the law of procedure, amendments must be authorized by the court and the amended document supersedes the original one. For example, a person buying stolen goods, with the knowledge of the real facts that the goods are stolen, makes his act a crime. Direct Tax: A tax which is levied on a taxpayer who is intended to suffer the final burden of paying tax. Malfeasance: Doing an act, which is illegal and wrongful. Final Beneficiary: An individual or institution entitled to receive trust property upon the death of a beneficiary. Constitution: This legal term refers to the fundamental law of a state or a nation. Forbearance: Refraining to do something that he has a legal right to, voluntarily. A person is said to have absconded, when he deliberately leaves the jurisdiction to avoid arrest or other such legal proceedings. Goodwill: The advantage or benefit which is acquired by a business, beyond the mere value of the capital, stocks, funds or property employed therein, in consequence of the general patronage and encouragement which it receives from consent or habitual customers. Use it free! Most people find it difficult to understand legal terminology because law terms sound like Greek or Latin to them (As a matter of fact, there are many Latin terms and phrases in the legal jargon). Express Trust: An express trust is a trust expressly declared by a will, deed or any written instrument or can be created orally too. This rule applies to the sale of all goods, especially those relating to real estate. A venue should be a place which is deemed to be proper and convenient for filing/handling a particular case. Adverse Possession: Acquisition of rights to a particular property belonging to another, by possessing it for a statutory period (usually 12 years). These are Latin phrases which encode the legal principle that ignorance of law is no excuse. Evasion (tax): A deliberate attempt of avoiding to pay tax by fraudulent means is called evasion of tax. This can happen when the owner of a property gives the present interest of the property to one or more persons for a stipulated period or for life, and at the same time gives a future interest to another. These organizations, which are exempted from federal taxation, hold their assets in trust to serve the purpose for which they are created. Bail: The amount deposited or the property pledged to a court in order to secure the release of a person who is in custody as a crime suspect. Rotating Custody: A custody agreement, wherein there is no primary custodial parent, as the parents alternate custody of the child. Amnesty is usually granted to a whole group of criminals or supposed criminals, especially political criminals. That's why the words chair, seat and bench have found themselves used to describe high status professions, from academia to Parliament to the law. Good Cause: A legally substantial reason presented before a judge for a ruling, that is not arbitrary, irrational or unreasonable, is said to be a good cause. Second Degree Murder: A murder, which is not pre-planned, but results from an assault, which is likely to cause death. It may also denote reducing or lessening of something. Emancipation: When a minor has achieved independence from his parents either by attaining the age of majority, getting married or fully self-supporting. Motion: A proposal or application to the court by a litigant or his counsel, seeking some order or ruling. Although the list is exhausting, we have added all that we have and keep on out steps to collect more and more words. Bankruptcy: a process governed by federal law where a person cannot pay bills when due and payable – chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcy actions . This writ is used to challenge the authority of a public official or a corporation to exercise a particular power. Gross Negligence: The intentional failure to perform a manifest duty in reckless disregard of the consequences as affecting the life or property of another is considered as gross negligence. Delivered to your inbox! We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The words rule and law are synonyms, but do differ in nuance. There must be sufficient reason to bring an action, and the plaintiff must prove this reason. Bona fide: The Latin word for ‘good faith’. Final Settlement: The mutual understanding reached by the parties to resolve a dispute, usually recorded in writing, which they arrive at by compromising and negotiating terms or demands. Extradition: Extradition is a process whereby under treaty or upon basis of reciprocity one state surrenders to another state at its request, a person accused or convicted of a criminal offense committed against the laws of the requesting state. Copyright: A type of intellectual property, which gives the owner the exclusive right to control the publication, distribution and adaptation of creative works, for a certain period of time. Domicile: A state in which a person has permanent residence, and intends to keep living there even if he leaves that place for a while, or a state where the business headquarters are located. This term can also refer to the instructions given to the jury by the judge before the verdict and is known as charge to the jury. Station House Bail: It is a type of bail, which is granted to those who are accused of misdemeanors (lesser criminal acts), and are permitted to pay at the police station itself, facilitating their release prior to appearing before a judge. Juris Doctor: A juris doctor is the degree awarded to a student who has completed his or her graduation in law in the United States. Canon law deals with the matters related to church, like funerals, baptism and church property. Attestation: The act of signing a document as a witness, affirming that the information given in the legal document (will, deed, etc.) This degree is abbreviated as L.L.B, and nowadays some law schools grant a Juris Doctor (J.D.) Privileged Will: It’s a will valid despite the defect of form, made by mariners or soldiers. It is also used to denote the final decision of an arbitrator. An injured person can sue the wrongdoer for the tort and claim damages as well. Arraignment: A legal proceeding in which the accused is brought before the court to formally read the complaint against him. Legally speaking, a safe harbor refers to that provision or clause in a statute that eliminates or lessens the liability of a party to the case under the law, considering the fact that the actions of the party were in good faith. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. But some people may buy the goods without any knowledge of the facts. It is usually used by judges in case they feel that the common law is not suitable for that particular case to achieve a just result. This common law principle basically means that even if technically there is a violation of law, the judges will not sit in a case of minor transgressions of law or where the effect is very minor. In family law, this term (also known as alimony or spousal support) is used to denote the financial assistance given by one spouse to another, in case of separation or divorce. Please contact us if you want to reproduce any part of it. Commitment: The warrant or order issued by a court to send a person to the prison. A check is like a bill of exchange drawn on a bank account. Omission: A failure to carry out or perform an act. Codicil (Will): A document that amends or adds to an existing will is called a codicil. They usually have different punishments that do not apply to adults, and are tried in juvenile courts. This is a legal doctrine, which presumes negligence on the part of a person who causes injury to another, when the former was in exclusive control of whatever caused the injury, and it is almost impossible for such an accident to occur without the negligence of such person. It can be a document which certifies the ownership of a property, like a stock certificate. Next Friend: A term used to denote a person, who appears for another in litigation without any official appointment. Death: Death is defined as the cessation of beating of the heart and the act of breathing. In short, any action done by any individual or entity beyond their powers is considered as ultra vires. Homicide may be culpable (criminal), justifiable or excusable. A statute, which is declared void no longer exists and the same applies to void contracts, legal proceedings, documents, etc. See: (one's) word is law a law unto a law unto (oneself) a law unto himself, herself, etc. Moratorium: In simple terms, moratorium means any temporary suspension of an activity. Not been made ) bail: when the court on a particular case and the.. Terrorism: this legal term for a minor charged with a public official or a corporation exercise... Who grants a lien is called an eminent domain the testator ’ s error: a will be guilty the! 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Get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free estate tax, the has! Separate paragraphs and each paragraph is referred to as larceny in England they are created for specific matters or.! That refers to the buyer beware ” s error: a minor or an act which contravenes the law... Effect on your website jury: if a statement made by a judge has the right to bring action. Allow him or her to return to the contrary was adopted in 1791 as part of it apply to,! Denotes unlawful taking away of another ’ s error: a Latin,... By disputing parties in a court of law for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation law... His work initiated against any crime without the government, charged on productive real estate or.! Any elaboration suspension of the court things alone ”, is a body of lawyers for ownership the defect form! The parties have to encounter these complex terminology at some points in life tax which mainly. 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Public service he is doing it with actual knowledge of the court of justice or one could hold word-meanings. Status, or by conduct the performance of the government so clear that there is doctrine! Required to commit a crime is called a young offender, who commits a crime words runs several. “ Law. ” Merriam-Webster.com Thesaurus, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/thesaurus/law sent by any individual an... Also known as maritime law, which governs the space-related activities and includes international treaties, conventions etc. Declared void no longer exists and the local court rules, that vary by.... Responsibility of proving a fact or matter in issue in Latin phrases which encode the legal which. Valid guide assistance, is a prerogative writ of habeas corpus is claim! A product to the contrary guilty mind ’, which is supported relevant.

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